Creating a terrarium fairy garden is a fun and inspiring project for all ages, whole families, siblings, best friends and solo gardeners! They also make a very unique and refreshing gift and can decorated according to different themes and designed to convey a special meaning or message (NOTE TO SELF: terrariums for birthdays, housewarmings and Christmas!!). So let’s get cracking shall we…..
Step 1: Choose your terrarium container and gather materials
You’ll need to source a glass container for your terrarium (with or without a lid). They are available in varying sizes and shapes from nurseries, gardening stores and sometimes florists. Fish bowls are also fabulous to use and available from Pet Shops. Large glass candy jars and apothecary jars also make beautiful terrarium vessels and can be sources from discount and home decor stores.
Gather these materials:
- Terrarium container as already discussed (NOTE: consider size in relation to plants and fairy garden ornaments)
- Activated charcoal (purchased from your local garden centre or pet store)
- Small pebbles for drainage (fairy river stones were used in this project)
- Potting mix (suitable for indoor plants)
- Dried Sphagnum Moss
- Live moss (if available in your area)
- Terrarium plants (small shade loving/indoor plants).
- Potting shovel
- Water in a spray bottle
- Gardening gloves
- Miniature fairy gardening ornaments and accessories
- Decorative shells, crystals and interesting shaped stones to add contrast.
Add a layer of gravel or pebbles to the bottom of your glass container. This is to create a drainage layer so water can settle and not flood the plant. I used fairy river stones from the Garden Sparkle range. As a general rule of thumb, the larger the terrarium container, the thicker the drainage layer. Remember to leave enough space at the top of the container so the terrarium looks spacious and isn’t cramped.
Step 3: Activated Charcoal Layer
Next add a layer of activated charcoal. “Activated” means that the charcoal has been through a process where it’s made more porous and therefore more absorbent. Charcoal can be purchased as small granules or as shards – either is fine. You just need enough to cover the pebbles layer. The charcoal is an important ingredient as it will improve the quality of your miniature world and also reduce bacteria, fungi and odors.
Step 4: Sphagnum Moss Layer
Then add a layer of sphagnum moss. This will stop the potting mix from falling down into the lower layers of charcoal and pebbles.